Among the first female graduates of the Medical College of Virginia, Baughman began medical school in 1918 at the age of 44 when MCV first opened its doors to women. She was the second woman to receive an appointment at MCV’s Memorial Hospital before joining the medical school faculty in 1923 as the first female clinical instructor, a privilege she shared with Dr. Charlotte C. Van Winkle. A birth control and family planning supporter, Baughman maintained an active practice in Richmond, participated in variety of community and civic activities, and was widely known for her advocacy of women’s rights.